移民法关于子女监护权的规定

由于澳大利亚是海牙公约的缔约国,澳大利亚的移民法也必须和公约的精神一致。保证未成年子女在批准签证前必须得到有监护权权的父母双方同意。

The Family Law Reform Act 1995 (FLRA)

The FLRA replaced the concepts of custody, access and guardianship (which were used in the Regulations) with the broader concept of parental responsibility. This concept refers to “all the powers, duties, responsibilities and authority which, by law, parents have in relation to children”. 澳洲的家庭法在1995改革后已经没有监护人的概念,取而代之的是一个广义的父母责任。(parental responsibility )定义为所有的父母应该享有的责任,义务,权力。

Access orders are unlikely to provide a person with rights to decide where a child can live. However, it is possible that some countries would not allow the person with custody to remove the child if another person has access to the child. Officers should satisfy themselves as to the relevance of access – bearing in mind that it is the right to decide where the child shall live that is the key issue – on a case by case basis.

如果一方父母只有探视权,一般来说有监护权的父母是可以单独决定带小孩来澳大利亚的,但是签证官也需要给另一方的探视权给予足够的考虑。值得注意的是,在有些国家不允许一方父母有探视权子女被另一方带去其他国家。如果碰到另一方不支持未成年子女出国的情况,需要取得法院的判决允许小孩出国,这个判决可以在小孩的所在国也可以在澳洲设法取得。

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关于 李博
李博,移民代理,管理学学士,移民法硕士。2003年留学来澳,曾在悉尼大学,国立大学学习法律课程并获得移民代理注册。帮助众多客户处理留学,移民过程中的签证相关问题。善于解决各类移民法律疑难问题。

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