在澳洲申请难民的最新规定

如果难民签证在2014年12月16日之后递交或者在2015年6月15日没有审理结束。移民局对于保护签证的新的规定可能严重影响签证申请人的申请。
原来的移民法规定保护签证申请人必须要满足联合国公约关于难民的定义( United Nations definition of a refugee ). 现在的新的规定在移民法 Section 5H 中规定难民 (refugee)
(a) in a case where the person has a nationality- is outside the country of his or her nationality and, owing to a well founded fear of persecution, is unable or unwilling to avail himself of herself of the protection of that country; or
(b) in a case where the person does not have nationality-is outside the country of his or her former habitual residence and owing to a well founded fear of persecution, is unable or unwilling to return to it.
这个变化 主要造成了2点影响
1 必须要在所在国全境遭受迫害。a person will only have a well founded fear of persecution where the real chance of persecution relates to all areas of a receiving country: s5J(1)(c).

2 如果难民可以低调做人来避免迫害,那么也不能得到签证。A person will not have a well-founded fear of persecution if they could take reasonable steps to modify their behaviour to avoid persecution, other than modifications which would conflict with a characteristic fundamental to their identity of conscience, or which would conceal an innate or immutable characteristic of the person: S5J(3)

S5J(3) 和原来的法庭判例S395 v MIMA (和移民法的判例不同,难民法的法庭判例都会隐藏申请人的真实姓名)有一点细微的差异。

S395 规定, An applicant may avoid persecution by acting discreetly, or otherwise modifying their behaviour, the decision maker must consider why the applicant will act in that way,and what would happen if he did not do so. if the reason for modification is the applicant’s fear of persecution,and the fear is well founded , the the person may be a refugee within the meaning of Act 1A.

under S.5J(3),case officer should take into account what a person could do to avoid persecution, in contrast to Court’s ruling in S395 that assessment under Convention concerns what a person would do.

 

关于 李博
李博,移民代理,管理学学士,移民法硕士。2003年留学来澳,曾在悉尼大学,国立大学学习法律课程并获得移民代理注册。帮助众多客户处理留学,移民过程中的签证相关问题。善于解决各类移民法律疑难问题。

One Response to 在澳洲申请难民的最新规定

  1. Enid loh says:

    老师你好!本人现在拿着visa c 现在想说要申请雇主担保可以吗?我的签证可以上班,有医疗卡…

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com 徽标

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  更改 )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  更改 )

Connecting to %s

%d 博主赞过: