配偶签证中的家庭暴力条款

澳洲配偶签证是一套组合签证,比如境外的309/100 组合,境内的820/801组合。这种签证设计是为了杜绝虚假婚姻的情况,先给2年的观察期,在2年的观察期里,如果婚姻能保持下去,那么申请人就可以获得澳洲永久居住。但是为了防止这类签证被担保人滥用,使被担保人处于不平等的地位,签证又规定了例外条件,也就是家庭暴力条款,来保护澳洲配偶的利益,让申请人可以有另一条途径获得签证。比如Clause 100.221(4)(c)(i) 规定如果因为家庭暴力,婚姻破裂是符合申请永久居留要求的。Division 1.5 规定家庭暴力可以分为有裁定的judicially determine 和没有裁定的 non judicially determine 2 种情况,一般有裁定的家庭暴力会有警察和法律援助中心介入。但由于家庭暴力发生一般比较隐秘,证据比较难搜寻,移民法也提供一种人性化的解决方案,也就是non judically determine case 的解决方案。Regulation 1.23(1A)(b)(ii) 规定 这种情况必须提供个人的一个法定声明和2个专家的对这件事的意见。 must state that, in the competent person’s opinion,
relevant family violence (within the meaning of subregulation 1.21 (1)) has been suffered by a person;
Regulation 1.23(2)(b) 定义了家庭暴力为对于受害人的人身和财产的暴力导致受害人对个人安全和福利的担心。violence against the alleged victim or his or her property that causes the alleged victim to fear for, or to be apprehensive about, the alleged victim’s well-being or safety.
这个定义可以说是相当宽松,可以理解为任何暴力,导致对方害怕就是家庭暴力。也就是是禁止担保人使用暴力,申请人可以使用,但担保人不能还手,一还手就算家暴。而这个专家的列表又是相当的宽泛,包括医生,护士,心理医生,社工等。 以志杰移民的切身经验告诉大家,一个专家不行就换另一个专家,总能找到愿意帮忙的专家的,专家也要吃饭啊。所以澳洲配偶其实不用担心签证问题,移民法已经对澳洲配偶保护的相当好了。一般女客户只要和担保人有肢体冲突,都可以用这个条款找专家鉴定,拿到PR,有部分男客户 (会困难一点)也引用家庭暴力条款拿到PR。比如有个客户的专家报告里有 “he was subject to unusual treatments and his lack of language skills, social isolation and unfamiliarity with Australian society made him acutely vulnerable to his wife’s control.” 专家甚至都不需明确的表明意见, 可以隐含的表达 convey by implication ,Meroka v Minister for Immigration & Multicultural Affairs [2002] FCA 482 at [34] (“Meroka”), Ryan J stated that it was not necessary that the competent person state expressly that in his or her opinion relevant domestic violence has been suffered. Ryan J stated that the requisite statement of opinion may be conveyed by implication having regard to the way in which the standard form directs the attention of the competent person to the definition of domestic violence. 这就使专家不必担心证据不足,而使报告的取得更加的容易。
从这点上可以看出,澳洲的法律安排基本上的原则是,宁可放过1千,绝不错杀1个。宁可让1000个人钻了空子,也不卡住那个真正需要帮助的人。

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关于 李博
李博,移民代理,管理学学士,移民法硕士。2003年留学来澳,曾在悉尼大学,国立大学学习法律课程并获得移民代理注册。帮助众多客户处理留学,移民过程中的签证相关问题。善于解决各类移民法律疑难问题。

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